Translational Animal Science Abstract -

Utilization of canola and sunflower meals as replacements for soybean meal in a corn silage-based stocker system1

 

This article in TAS

  1. Vol. 1 No. 4, p. 592-598
    unlockOPEN ACCESS
     
    Received: Oct 02, 2017
    Accepted: Oct 19, 2017
    Published: November 16, 2017


    2 Corresponding author(s): lawtons@uga.edu
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doi:10.2527/tas2017.0068
  1. J. M. Lourenço*,
  2. M. A. Froetschel*,
  3. J. R. Segers,
  4. J. J. Tucker and
  5. R. L. Stewart Jr. 2*
  1. * Department of Animal and Dairy Science, The University of Georgia, Athens, 30602
     Department of Animal and Dairy Science, The University of Georgia, Tifton, 31793

Abstract

Two experiments were conducted to evaluate 3 silage-based stocker diets. In Exp. 1, diets were fed to a total of 276 animals over a period of 3 yr and performance data was collected. In Exp. 2, the same diets were subjected to in vitro digestion for 5 time periods: 0, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h, to evaluate IVDMD, production of fermentation end products, and efficiency of transformation of energy. The experimental diets were similar, except for their protein supplements. They were composed of: 1) 74% corn silage, 15.2% ground ear corn, and 10.8% soybean meal (SBM); 2) 74.4% corn silage, 9.8% ground ear corn, and 15.8% canola meal (CAN); 3) 74.5% corn silage, 9.8% ground ear corn, and 15.7% sunflower meal (SUN). Results from Exp. 1 showed that DMI was similar across all treatments (P = 0.167), but ADG was greater (P = 0.007) for animals fed either SBM or CAN than for animals fed SUN (1.29, 1.28, and 1.20 kg/d, respectively). Both CAN and SUN significantly reduced (P < 0.001) daily feeding cost per animal in comparison to SBM. Exp. 2 revealed that total VFA production was similar for all treatments (P = 0.185), and greatest molar proportions of propionate were observed for SBM and CAN (P = 0.02). Additionally, IVDMD was highest for SBM (P < 0.001). Regression analysis showed that most of the evaluated traits followed a quadratic trend for incubation times (P ≤ 0.02). On average, the in vitro technique used in this study was able to account for 97.03% of the caloric transformations suffered by DE throughout the different incubation times. Overall, our findings revealed that although animals receiving SUN had the cheapest daily feeding cost, important traits like ADG and feed conversion rate were negatively affected by this treatment. In contrast, data showed that CAN was an effective replacement for SBM for it maintained similar animal performance while decreasing feed costs. Therefore, from a producer standpoint, CAN is a viable alternative to replace the more costly SBM diet in silage-based stocker operations.

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